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Home  »  Rubber Information  »  Synthetic Rubber

Synthetic Rubber

Synthetic Butadiene Rubber
Synthetic Rubber
Though Natural rubber has been available since time immemorial, Synthetic Rubber has come of use for less than a hundred years. Synthetic rubber plants were built around the world after 1945, primarily in North America, Japan and Europe. In 1960, use of synthetic rubber was more than that of natural rubber for the first time. Synthetic rubber has maintained this lead since then. As per a report published in 2001, the world makes around 11.5 million tonnes of synthetic rubber each year. USA is the largest producer of synthetic rubber by far, followed by China, the EU and Japan.

What is Synthetic Rubber?

Rubber is a collective term for macromolecular substances of natural origin known as natural rubber (NR) or synthetic origin or manmade known as synthetic rubber (SR). Synthetic rubber is one of the types of rubber. It is a white, crumbly, plastic mass which is processed and vulcanized in the same manner as natural rubber. In other words, synthetic rubber is an artificially produced material having properties similar to natural rubber. Most synthetic rubbers are obtained by polymerization or polycondensation of unsaturated monomers. There are wide varieties of different synthetic rubbers, reflecting the various different applications and the chemical and mechanical properties they have. Co-polymerization of different monomers leads to the material properties of synthetic rubber to be varied across a wide range.

Check out Types of Synthetic Rubber to get a better idea on the different types of synthetic rubber that are being produced world wide by using different chemicals and minerals. Each synthetic rubber has its own individual properties, advantages and diasadvantages.

Factors Leading to Synthetic Rubber Production

Though, World war II became the force for the emergence of synthetic rubber on a large-scale basis when governments began building plants to balance natural rubber shortages, there were other various reasons as well after the war which led to the development of an alternative or substitute for natural rubber. Some important factors resulting to the production of synthetic rubber are

Production Process of Synthetic Rubber

Synthetic rubber can be produced in different ways. One common process adopted by synthetic rubber manufacturers is shown below:
Synthetic Rubber
Source:

Applications of Synthetic Rubber

Synthetic Rubber Usage
Synthetic Rubber Usage
Like natural rubber, synthetic rubber has a varied range of applications, such as follows:

Properties of Synthetic Rubber

There are different varieties of synthetic rubber, each having their unique properties. Some of the common properties of synthetic rubber are as follows:

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