Rubber industry has a tremendous global impact. Infact, it
is very interesting to note the fact that in the history and the application
of various materials, very few have made a large impact globally as natural
and synthetic rubber. The natural rubber material stretches from plantations
in Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia to factories in almost all countries of the
world. It is estimated that natural rubber accounts for only about 25% of
the rubber used in industry. Synthetic rubber is the primary source of raw
materials for many rubber products today.
World rubber market
The future of the rubber industry is tied to the global economy. The
consumption of rubber worldwide during the period 1993-2003 was between 3.5
and 4.0% annually and was in line with the increase of world GDP. The growth
rate for rubber should be more than those for motor vehicle production and
motor vehicle registration in the coming years. Non-tire applications
account for the majority of usage of rubber at 52 to 54 percent of the
total, with little change expected. There are and will be numerous
applications in various sectors like::
- Automotive (belts, hoses, gaskets, moldings)
- Industrial (adhesives, padding, belting, vibration dampening, wire
- Consumer (toys, door moldings)
- Construction (roofing, sealants, moldings)
The outlook is very bright for midrange specialty elastomers, such as
ethylene-propylene and nitrile. The US synthetic rubber industry reports
more than $4.5 billion in annual shipments, and it exports substantial
amounts of these materials. The production and sales of rubber-based
products constitute major market opportunities.
World rubber supply
Major producing countries of natural rubber are Malaysia, Indonesia, and
Thailand. This is the reason why many of the large tire companies have vast
holdings in South East Asia. Small producers equally play an important role.
Synthetic rubber is manufactured in various plants to different
specifications around the globe. The division between the two source of
rubber is about 40 percent for natural and 60 percent for synthetic on a
global basis and it is not expected to change much in the coming years.
World rubber demand
Demand for natural rubber is always greater than synthetic rubber because
it is considered superior to synthetic rubber. As a result of its high
quality, natural rubber is the preferred choice when making surgical gloves
and drapes, contraceptives, shoe soles, nipples on baby bottles, rubber
bands, even carpet backing, in radial tires and in blends with various
synthetic elastomers, where its use improves weathering qualities.
The demand for synthetic rubber is aggravated by increasing growth for
non-tire products, rising motor vehicle production, and stable pricing.
Infact, the demand for non-tire rubber is expected to outpace world economic
growth due to growth in industrialization levels in developing regions of
the world. According to a recent estimate, world tire demand is projected to
expand 2.6% every year, with OEM tire demand growth by strong gains in the
global motor vehicle industry, and this requires a boost in the replacement
needs by a steadily rising global motor vehicle park.
Industrial Rubber Products Demand
Global demand for industrial rubber products is estimated to rise
to 4.3% annually through 2013 to $97.8 billion
. Market advances in
developing areas will further increase due to healthy economic growth,
rising personal income levels, ongoing industrialization efforts and also
due to growth in manufacturing output and fixed investment expenditures. The
industrial equipment market, which includes industrial machinery and
equipment, off-road vehicles, will continue to hold the largest share of
aggregate demand in 2013.
China, which will surpass the US to become the largest market for
industrial rubber products, will account for over one-third of all
additional demand generated through 2013. India will also record strong
gains, and sales growth is expected to be good as well in a number of
lower-volume markets, like Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia. Advances will
continue to be strong in Eastern Europe.
Although there is slight slump , industrial rubber product demand in the US
is expected to recover by 2013. Advances will benefit from a turnaround in
motor vehicle production and there is ongoing process of recovery in the
manufacturing sector. Western Europe and Japan will experience sluggish
gains. However, these areas, including Australia and Canada, will continue
to be the most intensive users of industrial rubber products because of the
advanced industrial and technological nature of their economies.
Mechanical rubber goods comprised the largest rubber product segment in
2008. Suppliers of mechanical rubber products will benefit from continued
gains and this is evident due to global motor vehicle production through
2013, as these products are highly represented in this market. Advances will
be stronger in the hose and belt segments, reflecting their wide
applications diversity and stronger price outlook compared to mechanical
India Rubber Industry
Indian Rubber Exports