- Abrasion resistance: The resistance to abrasive
- Acid Resistant: Resistance to the action of acids.
- Aging: Exposing materials to an environment for a
period of time.
- Butyl: Synthetic rubber exhibiting very low
permeability to gases. Copolymer of isobutylene and isoprene.
- Durometer: An instrument for calculating the
hardness of vulcanized rubber.
- Elasticity: The property to return to its original
shape after deformation.
- Elastomer: A term used to describe elastic polymers
having rubber-like behavior.
- Elongation: Extension which is produced by a
- Expanded Rubber: Cellular rubber made from a solid
rubber compound and having closed cells.
- Extrusion: The process under which pressure is
forced through the opening of a die in order to obtain a desired cross
- Hardness (durometer): It is a property of rubber
stocks which is difficult to define except by considering the methods
used to determine it.
- Heat resistance: The ability of rubber to retain
its properties even under the destructive influence of heat.
- Hypalon: A synthetic rubber that is completely
resistant to ozone attack under the most extreme conditions and also
possesses excellent color stability including the action of acids,
bases, and many other chemicals.
- Low temperature flexibility: This is the
temperature at which the rubber becomes too stiff to function in its
- Natural Rubber: Rubber obtained from latex of the
- Neoprene: A polymer of chloroprene and is prepared
from coal, salt and limestone. Neoprene is a synthetic rubber used in
weather-resistant products, adhesives, shoe soles, sportswear, paints,
and rocket fuels.
- Nitrile rubber: A copolymer of butadiene and
- Oxidation resistance: The ability of rubber to
withstand the reaction of atmospheric oxygen.
- Oil Resistant: Ability of a vulcanized rubber to
withstand the swelling and deteriorating effects of various type of
- Plasticisers: Liquids which are used to soften
- Polymer: It is a general term used to describe all
rubbers and plastics.
- Resilience: Capability of a material to return to
its original size and shape even after after deformation.
- Rubber: A material that displays elastic properties
that allow recovery from large deformations quickly and forcibly.
- SBR: Styrene Butadiene Rubber. Copolymer of
Butadiene. An all-purpose type synthetic similar to natural rubber.
- Silicone rubber: A type of synthetic rubber
- Synthetic rubber: Man-made rubber
- Temperature Range: It is the range in which it
shows the lowest temperature at which rubber remains flexible and the
highest temperature at which it will function.
- Tensile strength: The tensile strength of a rubber
compound is the resistance of the rubber to rupture under tension.
- Vulcanization: An process in which a rubber
compound through a change in its chemical structure becomes less plastic
and more resistant to swelling by organic liquids and elastic properties
are conferred, improved, or extended over a wider range of temperature.