Rubber to metal bonding is defined as a process covering a number of
interdependent processes, in which rubber is adhered to metal substrate.
Today, various factors concerning environment have an impact on all aspects
of commerce and industry. Rubber to metal bonding is no exception and the
process is undergoing changes to reflect these concerns. Because of the
several parts used today consisting of bonded rubber to metal, there are
various custom shops who specialize in the manufacturing of these parts and
they work with customers from the design level through production.
The Rubber Bonding Process
The rubber can be molded to a metal piece. It can also be adhered to a
The rubber to metal bonding process involves three elements:
- The bonding agent
- The substrate
Any type of rubber can be used but usually the selection of the polymer
base and its related compound depends on the product specification. The
condition is that the rubber should easily flow into the mold without
developing a significant level of cross-linking, and thereby a bond can be
created using any rubber compound. It is also advised to avoid substances
that will bleed rapidly to the surface of the uncured stock. Before the
molding takes place, the metal is made completely free from rust and other
impurities by degreasing, sandblasting or shot blasting. The bonding agents
comprises polymer/solvent solutions, having a primer coat related to
phenolic-style resins and a topcoat of polymers and other materials. Usually
the solutions used are patented. The substrate used depends on the strength
and durability requirements of the application.
Science Behind the Rubber to Metal Bonding Process
behind this process is very complex as well as varied. Often the type of
rubber or polymer used depends on what type of metal is used and the part
that is to be manufactured. Determining the appropriate bonding agent is
very important. The selection process depends on three factors:
- Rubber to be used
- The elasticity of the rubber
- The component design
Originally, the metal used was steel in all its forms and grades. Steel
is still in use but increasing use is also made of aluminum alloys and
polyamides. Any material can be bonded to rubber, the only condition is that
that it can bear the heat and pressures of the rubber molding process.
However, the results of bonding rubber to alloys, like brass, bronze depend
a lot on the composition of the alloys.
Applications of Rubber to Metal Bonding Units
The products made
from the bonding of rubber to metal are used in various areas of the
medical, commercial and industrial fields. Many of the products are used for
the isolation of vibration and noise in manufacturing applications,
including automotive and engineering applications. Larger sized pieces are
used to decouple translational movement for bridges and buildings.
There are various products made out of the rubber to metal bonding process
- Gaskets: Gaskets
are a type of seal made often with bonded to metal rubber.
- O-rings: These rings to
seal rotating or sliding shafts are often made with a rubber coating on
metal, are used widely in applications like shock absorbers and
- Piping:Piping is often bonded with rubber when the
pipe line is required to be vibration absorbent and more insulated.
- Press bonding:This refers to a non-heat or chemical
process of bonding rubber to metal, involving the bonding of a preformed
rubber piece onto metal piece by a predetermined groove or space and a
mild adhesive agent.
- Rubber rollers:
Used to squeeze water out of pulp in paper manufacturing, the roll has a
metal core lined with rubber to perform efficiently.
- Seals: Often used as shut off pieces in hydraulic
equipment, seals are the most common
types of products formed with rubber bonding technology.
Rubber Metal Bonded Components in Automobile Industry
automobile industry, in particular uses a large number of bonded rubber to
metal parts. Some of these products are:
- The Steering Wheel: The is joined to the steering
column by various rubber bonded parts.
- Foot Pedals and Bumpers: These items that have
- The Engine and Gearbox Units: They are usually
mounted on a rubber bonded unit.
- The Strut Units: These units mount the wheels to
the vehicle chassis by using a shear style rubber bonded bush.